Important stats about Mental Health

Experience of mental health problems

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Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?
Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?

Experience of mental health problems

  • The symptoms of psychiatric illnesses frequently overlap and are easily misdiagnosed.

  • Nearly one of every three of us, experiences psychiatric symptoms each year.

  • These ranges from the relatively minor, such as a short period of anxiety or grief during time of stress, to the severely disabling and painful condition.

  • Nearly half of us have a family member or a close friend, with serious mental illness.
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?


  • Among mental illness, depression is the major cause of medical disability all over the world.

  • Rates of suicide are as high as, one in five bipolar illness, one in six in depression, and one in ten in schizophrenia.

  • Many of us are initially reluctant to seek help from a professional.

  • Though poorly understood by most people, mental illness clearly compete with any other area of medicine in its widespread and serious impact on people’s lives.

  • Unfortunately, half of us who experience mental health problems don’t seek treatment at all.

  • Physicians often misdiagnose and under treat the psychiatric symptoms, that we bring to their attention.

  • Thanks to number of articles published in last two decades,regarding awareness about mental illness, which brought the symptoms and treatment of psychiatric illness to the attention of physicians, public health workers, politicians, and the general public.

  • What causes mental illness ?
    Scientist do not know exactly, what causes mental illness. Like cancer, mental illness can strike anyone and has a variety of causes.

  • Experts are certain that, genetic vulnerability plays a role in many mental illnesses, since the risk of becoming ill is greater, if you have a close relative, who suffers from depression, bipolar illness, schizophrenia, anxiety and alcoholism.
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  • Among others, however no specific gene had yet been isolated that causes any of these illnesses, even identical twins who have identical genetic makeup do not always develop the same mental illness.

  • Everyone agrees that, stress play a role in most mental illness, even if you have a genetic vulnerability, the illness might not develop unless something disturb your equilibrium.

  • The loss of an important relationship, for example to divorce is one of the most serious stress to the mind.

  • You may be come sick after experiencing extra-ordinary danger. 

  • On the other hand serious illness can arise seemingly out of the blue you, without any obvious stress or loss.

  • You have always thought of yourself as a confident and happy person, until over the course of a month  or two, you find yourself feeling inexplicably hopeless and sad, confused and suspicious, You are unable to sleep and concentrate.

  • Scientist are also uncertain about which physical changes in the brain, lead to psychiatric symptoms.

  • They have studied brain volume, hormone levels, blood flow and other physiological data without finding conclusion answers.

  • We know that, abnormal proteins cause plaques in the brains of people who suffer from Alzheimer’s dementia, but no smoking gun has been found for depression, schizophrenia or other major illnesses.
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  • The medications that treat mental illnesses have complex effects on certain molecules in the brain, particularly those involved in the communication between brain cells.

  • Scientist speculate that, abnormal levels of these molecules may cause the underlying illness.

  • This is why, psychiatrist often talk about a chemical imbalance in the brain.

  • Eventually, it may be possible to connect specific genes to specific molecules to specific illnesses and, ultimately to specific treatments.

  • But the brain is a very complex organ and scientists are far from achieving this goal.

  • Scientific breakthroughs have been rare in other illnesses such as diabetes and angina, even though the organ involved in these cases, the pancreas and the heart are considerably simpler than the brain.


Mental health problems are treatable.

  • Effective treatment exist for most mental health problems.

  • Some problems respond very well to psychotherapy, in which a skilled clinician talks to you and helps you to change your feelings, choices and behaviours.

  • For several decades, medications have been available for successfully treating illnesses such as depression, anxiety, bipolar illness, and schizophrenia.

  • Antidepressant medications are prescribed all over the world than any other class of medication with the exception of antibiotics.

  • They are among the most effective of medications with at least two third of sufferers responding within weeks to the first antidepressant prescribed.

  • Similar rates of improvement are seen in the treatment of other mental illnesses.
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?
  • Why do our feelings, our thoughts and our behaviour improve with medication ?

  • Most of us like to think of our minds as independent of our body and of the effects of medication.

  • In fact, what we call the mind is inseparable from the physical functioning of the brain.

  • Our ability to think, to perceive the outside world, and to experience emotions derives from the continuous cellular growth, electrical transmission, and movement of molecules within our brain.

  • Even our memories are physically stored in the the cellular structure of our brain.

  • Like any other part of the body the brain can sometimes experiences stress.

  • When that happens (and it does happen to all of us at one time or another) then either rest, the attention of friends and family, religious faith, or the passage of time or combination of these can lead to recovery.
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  • On the other hand, the brain like all other organs, can sometimes become sick to the extent that it will not get better without medical treatment.

  • Most of us now understand that there are medical explanations and treatments for many of our emotional pains and worries.
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?
    Does Everyone experience mental health problems ?

What treatments are available for mental illness?

 
  • If you experience mental health problems, you should consult a professional at some point.
  • Many mental health problems can worsen if left untreated, or they can occur again in the future.

  • There may be physical causes of your symptoms that only a physician can uncover.
  • In some cases, you will learn that psychotherapy may be more appropriate than medication.

  • A Psychiatrist is a medical doctor, Who specializes in the assessment and treatment of mental illness.
  • Psychiatrist have an MD or DPM degree (along with M.B.B.S. degree) and a licensed to practice and prescribed as a physician.

  • Fellowship training and board certification are the signs of additional expertise or qualification.

  • A Psychiatrist is able to perform medical examination, order test, assess for sign and symptoms of mental illness, make a diagnosis, prescribe medication, perform psychotherapy or make a referral to a qualified therapist.

  • If you have a serious, chronic or difficult –to- treat mental illness, then you should certainly see a Psychiatrist.

  • General medical doctors are all also able to make a psychiatric diagnosis and prescribe psychiatric medications.

  • However, they have less experience than Psychiatrist in working with mental illness.
  • If you have mild to moderate problems with anxiety, depression, alcoholism or nicotine addiction, then you regular doctor may be able to provide adequate treatment.

  • A General doctor does not provide psychotherapy.

  • Psychologists and Psycho-social workers can be licensed to provide psychotherapy.

  • Some psychologist have a PhD degree and are referred to as doctors, though they are not medical doctors.

  • They often have greater expertise than psychiatrist in providing specific type of psychotherapy and in administering psychological tests that assist in diagnosis. 

    They can assess for sign and symptoms of mental illness and make a diagnosis.
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  • They can refer you to a psychiatrist for the further medical workup or to see, if you might benefit from medication.

  • Social workers have a master degree and can provide psychotherapy or more general counselling and support.

  • There are many types of psychotherapy, or talk therapy, that may help you feel better, either as a sole treatment or in combination with medication.

  • The types of therapy that are generally most effective are those that use cognitive behavior technique (CBT) aimed at changing your habits and modifying attitudes that can cause or perpetuate your symptoms.

  • CBT techniques are particularly helpful in the treatment of anxiety or depressive disorders.

  • When you are in a personal crisis, you may benefit from counseling that helps you to solve your problem and improve your relationship with others.

  • Couple therapy and family therapy focus on problems that have developed between people who care about each-other.

  • Relapse prevention therapy (RPT) is the treatment of choice for addiction, often supplemented with participation in self help-group.

  • Psychodynamic therapies, which evolved out of the theories of Freud and his successors, try to explore your unconscious motivations and link your current patterns of behaviour to past experiences.

  • This may increase anxiety and other symptoms, at least initially, and has not been proven to be effective in the treatment of severe mental disorders.

  • However if your symptoms are mild, you may find a deeper exploration of your motivations and relationship patters to be enlightening and enriching.

  • Over time , Psychodynamic therapy may help you to alter your personal patterns of behaviour and long standing ways of thinking that bother you.
  • All forms of psychotherapy share some basic features. You will receive information about psychological disturbances and the significance of your experiences.
  • You will be reassured and feel more confident as a result of understanding the symptoms that have troubled you.

  • There are several type of medications for mental illness, often referred to as psychotropics.

  • You may not need psychiatric medications in order to feel better. Psychiatric medicines are generally as effective, and often safer, than medications used for other medical conditions like heart disease and diabetes.

  • Medicines never control your thoughts or alter your personality. Rather, they restore your ability to think clearly and feel like yourself again.
  • You will have a safe and confidential relationship with a professional and be able to say things that might not be able to share with anyone else.

  • You will be given guidance and suggestions on how to understand and resolve your problems.

  • You will feel glad that you took a positive step towards helping yourself feel better.

  • You may be able to find some of these features in a deep discussion with a parent, best friend, or religious leader.

  • But Mental Health professionals are much more experienced with psychiatric symptoms and solutions and can provide you with more specific information. They can also take a fresh and objective look at your problems.

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